M3 Liquid Deposition Modeling


M3 Exploring the effects of form-generating parameters on Liquid Deposition Modeling of ceramic components

Master Thesis - Vesela Tabakova

Univ. Prof. Thomas Heinrich Schmitz, Univ. Prof. Axel Sowa

Mentor: Christina Klug, M.Sc.

Cooperation: Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Architekturtheorie


Additive manufacturing (AM) enables the production of geometrically complex objects that are used in many areas of our lives. The fabrication of such objects using conventional layering techniques is highly dependent on available computing power. The Liquid Deposition Modeling (LDM) process often counteracts the plastic behavior of the material. Due to the inherent material behavior of viscous clay, organic shapes with high, geometric complexity can be produced in the AM at comparatively low production costs. This creates new possibilities in the context of architectural design, where aesthetics and function have equal priority. The observed effects and the proposed design strategies could enrich the aesthetic possibilities of architectural interior and exterior design and achieve specified applications in the field of acoustics, thermal insulation, etc. via new production methods.

Research Aim:

To explore innovative Liquid Deposition Modeling (LDM) modes to better understand the interaction between machine and material and propose possible design strategies.


The project can be divided into four phases, during the course of which various material deposition modes and properties, which have been little explored so far, have been investigated.

1. basic experiments aimed at a better understanding of the interactions between digital and physical parameters.

2. experiments aimed at creating ceramic shapes with three-dimensional pore geometry by applying alternating layer structures.

3. experiments focused on the effects of different printing parameters and the plastic deformation of complex path instructions in clay.

4. study the effects of different printing parameters and the resulting effects in organic forms.